The Cathedral of Barcelona is dedicated to Saint Eulalia and the Holy Cross, and this explains many things.
First of all, the presence of the crypt dedicated to the saint, with its remains and a sarcophagus that tells the founding of Barcelona by Hercules. So far, everything is clear. Then there is a cloister, with the Fountain of Eden. Here the thing is more complicated: the cloister is "defended" by 13 white geese.
What are they doing here? The origin is uncertain, but the popular legend wants to represent the 13 years of Eulalia (300 AD) child martyr who was sacrificed in the cathedral where today stands.
The Cathedral is also dedicated to the Holy Cross, the Crucifix of the fifteenth century placed above the altar that according to tradition in 1571 was hoisted on the ship of Giovanni D'Austria as a banner during the battle of Lepanto against the Turks.
It seems that during the battle the Crucified Christ moved to avoid a cannon ball. This would explain the strange form it took.
For refusing to recant her Christianity, the Romans subjected her to thirteen tortures; including:
- Putting her into a barrel with knives (or glass) stuck into it and rolling it down a street (according to tradition, the one now called Baixada de Santa Eulalia "Saint Eulalia's descent").
- Cutting off her breasts
- Crucifixion on an X-shaped cross. She is depicted with this cross, the instrument of her martyrdom.
- Finally, decapitation.
Opening hours: Mon - Fri (12.30 PM - 07.45 PM), Sat (12.30 PM - 05.30 PM), Sun (02.00 PM - 05.30 PM)
How to reach: Metro Jaume I
Address: Pla de la Seu, 3
Born in Riccione, a seaside town on the Italian coast of the Adriatic Sea. Of Italian father and a Russian mother, I always define myself a crossroads of cultures, in fact I never identified with a nationality, considering myself a real world citizen.
From the early years of life I've traveled, living periods of time abroad, experiences that have further increased my openness towards the new and the different, and the ability to think outside the box.
I'm graduated Expert for Tourism, and continued hmy studies with a Masters Degree in Economics and Management. During and after the studies, I had a multitude of different jobs, mostly oriented towards tourism (my true passion, together with art and opera). Since 2008 I lives in Milan, working in the finance department of an Italian multinational company.
My passion for culture, led me to found in 2013, Kitabu, a publishing house specializing in the publication of books in electronic format, with which in 2015 I launched various projects regarding web-based magazines about different cultural and leisure themes, on of wich is TravelTv.
Despite the many commitments, however, I've never stopped traveling extensively the world, trying in every place to identify myself with the local population.